( English )
The Shaolin Temple has two main legacies: Chan (禅), which refers to Chan Buddhism, the Shaolin religion, and Quan (拳), which refers to the Shaolin martial arts. In
Shaolin, this is not a separate discipline and the monks have always pursued the unification philosophy of Chan and Quan (禅 拳 合一; chan quan he yi). In that point of view
deeper, Quan was considered a part of Chan. As the late Shaolin Suxi monk said in the last moments of his life, "Shaolin is Chan, not Quan."
On the Quan (martial) side, the contents were abundant. The usual content classifications are:
Basic skills (基本功; jīběn gōng): These include stamina, flexibility, and balance, which increase
the body's ability to perform martial maneuvers. In Shaolin kung fu, the skills of flexibility and balance are known as
"childish skills" (童子 功; tóngzǐ gōng), which have been classified into 18 postures. Power skills (气功; qìgōng): These include: Qigong meditation:
Qigong meditation itself has two types, internal (内; nèi), which is stationary meditation, and external (外; wài), which is a dynamic method of meditation.
such as the four-part Shaolin practice (si duan gong), the eight-part brocade (八段 锦; bā duàn jǐn), muscle-changing scriptures
Shaolin (易筋经; yì jīn jīng), and others. 72 arts: This includes 36 soft exercises and 36 hard exercises, known as qigong
soft and hard. Combat skills (拳法; quánfǎ, "skill"): These include various routines (styles) with bare hands, and empty hands vs. their weapons and methods of battle (散打; sàndǎ).